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Coronavirus: aggiornamenti per la comunità universitaria / Coronavirus: updates for UniTo Community
Tipologia
Tesi teorica
Argomento
Heterogeneity in the efficacy of prevention may impact the performance of control strategies for infectious disease
Disponibile dal
20/09/2022
Presso
Gruppo del Dr E. Valdano (INSERM e Sorbonne Université, Paris)
Altre informazioni

Background:

Epidemic control often requires optimal distribution of available vaccines and prophylactic tools, to protect from infection those susceptible.
Well-established theory recommends prioritizing those at highest risk of exposure. But risk is hard to estimate, especially for diseases involving
stigma and marginalization. In a recent work (see ref), we proved that one should target those at high risk only if the infection-averting efficacy
of prevention is above a critical value, which we derive analytically. We applied this to the distribution of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) of the
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among men-having-sex-with-men (MSM), a population particularly vulnerable to HIV.

 

REF: Steinegger et al. (2022) Non-selective distribution of infectious disease prevention may outperform risk-based targeting. Nat Comm 13:3028

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-022-30639-3 [www.nature.com]

 

Project:

Prevention tools do not have the same effect on everyone. They may fail to elicit immunity altogether in specific people, and/or they may protect
different people to different degrees.

How does this heterogeneity in the efficacy of the prevention tool impact the performance of distribution strategies? Does it determine which
distribution strategy prevents most infections in the population? The student will answer these questions by extending the previously developed
formalism to the case of heterogeneous efficacy, and building a computational model of community spread of HIV coupled with PrEP roll-out, and
fitted on surveillance and behavioral data.

 

Stato
Disponibile

Rivolgersi a:

Docente
Prof. Michele Caselle
Email
michele.caselle@unito.it
Telefono
011 6707205
Ultimo aggiornamento: 21/09/2022 10:27
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